Coding for kids seems like an impossible endeavor, right? It’s a lot like—quite literally—learning an entirely new language!
Thus, asking children to envision themselves with the ability to, say, build an app, is a difficult enough task in itself.
We’ve all been there…a blank slate can be a very scary, overwhelming roadblock. “Is coding for me? How am I ever going to get to a point where coding comes easy? When will I be able to use these new coding skills to complete a finished project?”
Statements like these have stopped many…before they even give themselves the chance to begin.
Think about it—first you have to plan, then you have to learn, then you have to be good enough to create. But before you learn, you have to decide what it is you’re going to learn, and you need to have a great understanding that the thing you’re learning is going to pay some sort of dividend when all is said and done.
There is no way around it. It’s quite the challenge.
But please, keep reading.
Any new task always seems impossible from the start, and is in fact impossible if you don’t take all of the necessary steps - and in the right order - beforehand.
This means that jumping in with two feet could actually lead to more frustration, and even lessen the chance of follow through/success, compared to starting small, taking your time, and achieving small victories along the way.
WHAT IS CODING FOR KIDS?
Coding for kids is the collection of opportunities available for children to get involved in coding. These opportunities aim to be fun and gamified to keep the young mind engaged. (You might also hear coding referred to as "programming," or "computer programming.")
And while it is difficult to imagine a young brain learning something seemingly complex, coding for kids is a reality—thanks to the many coding summer camps, websites, coding tutors, after-school programs, and toys, the activity can be quite digestible.
Said differently, it's not always the typical, and potentially scary "computer science" that you or your children might instinctively shy away from.
Start with the why, outline the benefits, define key terms, study examples, choose a programming language, and get started!
Wait. What is coding, simply? Coding is how we communicate with computers, and what we use to build and run websites, apps, games, and more.
This communication is carried out via a number of different languages, including:
- Scratch: A visual, drag-and-drop coding experience
- Python: Easy-to-read code that is great for beginners
- Java: The language tested with the AP Computer Science exam
- C++: Which is used to create software, games, and more
HOW TO GET YOUR CHILD TO CODE?
It’s an answer that can go a million different directions.
So, let’s start by focusing on moving one direction—forward. It doesn’t have to be a giant leap. In fact, per the above, it should really only be a small step for now.
The important thing is that with each move, your child experiences progress.
With that, we are going to navigate this twisty-turny coding landscape through the various topics:
- Why kids should learn coding
- Coding definitions
- Best coding languages
- Kid coder success stories
- How to realistically start a learning journey
- Coding resources
IS CODING GOOD FOR KIDS?
Years ago when all of this kids and code chatter started, you could have characterized it has hype because the whole idea was new and novel to the education system. And, while this “learn to code” popularity spike wasn’t unfounded by any means, time was really the only thing that could tell us if it all was going to be a big fat flash in the pan.
Well, here we are.
Time has passed, yet we are still seeing STEM education stats like by 2025, 3.5 million STEM jobs will go unfilled. And others like 71% of all new jobs in STEM are in computing, but only 8% of STEM graduates are in Computer Science. People are still wondering if coding is hard to learn.
We’ve officially moved beyond simply saying “coding is cool, so go do it,” end of story. Instead, we are now saying, “coding is in fact cool, so go do it, but you should also go do it because you’ll be rewarded as a result.”
In other words, there are computer science jobs, lots of them—and jobs that pay very well.
What makes this even better is that it’s not just the jobs or the coolness, either (this would be a much shorter blog post if that were the case). But also the creativity, problem solving, collaboration, communication, and other skills ripe for improvement as byproducts of kids learning to code.
So, kids should learn to code because:
- Coders are in high demand
- Coding provides a competitive advantage
- Coding knowledge allows students better understand the world
- Coding is fun and satisfying
- Coding improves creativity
- Coding improves problem solving
- Coding improves persistence
- Coding improves collaboration
- Coding improves communication
WHY IS CODING IMPORTANT? WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS?
Here is an explanation of the different reasons why coding is important.
1. Coders are in high demand
As mentioned, according to Code.org, 67% of all new STEM jobs are in computing, yet only 11% of STEM graduates are in Computer Science. That’s a serious shortage of CS majors.
2. Coding provides a competitive advantage when applying to colleges, internships, and jobs
If you possess a hot skill that many of your peers lack–such as the ability to code–you instantly appear more desirable in the eyes of potential college admissions officers and employers. Plain and simple.
3. With coding knowledge, students better understand the world around them
Most of us don’t know the first thing about what makes our smartphones, laptops, social media networks, and video games run. Basic programming knowledge can change the way we interact with the technologies we use (and take for granted) daily, and can open our eyes to the infinite possibilities of coding.
4. Coding is fun and satisfying
While programming is logic-based, it’s also an extremely creative activity. If you know how to code, you can develop the aforementioned apps, video games, websites, and more!
5. Coding improves creativity
When you learn a language, you use it to express yourself. The same is true with code. Computer coding empowers kids to not only consume digital media and technology, but to create it. Instead of simply playing a video game or using an app, they can imagine making their own video game, or envision what their own website, or app might look like—and they’ll have the outlet for expression.
Thus, it's not always about the benefits directly related to computer science. As the above has shown and below will show, there are plenty of benefits that stem from getting involved with and taking an interest in coding.
6. Coding improves problem solving
When kids code, they take complex problems and break them down into smaller parts.
Kids learn what it’s like to approach a problem the way a software engineer does, with logical, computational thinking.
As Dan Crow, CTO of SongKick explains, “Computational thinking teaches you how to tackle large problems by breaking them down into a sequence of smaller, more manageable problems.”
This logical thinking is a powerful tool in school, work, and life.
7. Coding improves persistence
Learning to code, like any new discipline, is a challenge. Thus, tackling complex problems—and making mistakes along the way—can be very frustrating.
Coding teaches the valuable skill of persistence in the face of such challenges. Learning how to problem solve and look for solutions through research and collaboration builds this highly desirable skill.
8. Coding improves collaboration
Every student can learn, and every student can learn how to code—kids can learn alongside others of every race, gender, or background. Kids meet and learn how to collaborate with all kinds of peers, all joined by a common interest in technology.
Classrooms and other in-person environments, like iD Tech, bring kids together for face-to-face collaboration. Kids learning online can also grow, asking each other questions, and working to solve problems and create things together.
Many games, like Minecraft, also offer a bevy of educational benefits because they too involve coding, collaboration, and participation—with peers all over the world.
9. Coding improves communication
Communication is an absolutely essential skill throughout school, work, and life. People who can clearly communicate complex ideas in simple terms tend to be successful in different industries and walks of life.
When kids learn how to code, they learn how to communicate with the most simple-minded audience imaginable: computers. As mentioned, computer coding teaches kids how to break down complex ideas and arrange them in a way that computers can understand.
But with all of that, proceed with caution…
OK, I'm not going to turn around now and say you shouldn't learn to code, obviously, but more of...
Why just code?
It’s natural for such a simple question and the following related questions to crop up as you break down whether or not coding is right for your child:
What if my child doesn’t want to learn to code, specifically? Does that make them a failure?
Will they not have the chance to secure a cool internship down the road? A worthwhile job?
What if they want to learn to just “tech” instead? Is that a viable option?
What if they want to learn X? Or Y? Or Z? Will those things count in the future?
Likewise, if they only learned to code, and nothing else, would that take them to the top?
So, let me wrap up this section by saying me or whomever else urging you to “learn to code” is probably not doing so with the intent of the statement to be so exclusive.
I mean, you would never be encouraged to read, but not write. Or to learn your multiplication tables while throwing division out the window. Facebook was created by a programmer, but what would it be without design?
So, by all means, if you have a kid with a coding interest, then yes, help them to LEARN. TO. CODE. If they don’t have an interest, have never coded, and have other interests, still consider it, though. It’s that important, and you’ll be glad you at least gave it a chance.
But in the process, don’t forget about the other things. Help them learn to “tech,” and explore game development possibilities, 3D printing, or video production if that's what better suits them. Immerse in photography if that's truly what they want to do as a hobby or even a future career.
Have them get skilled in marketing, negotiation, promotion, and more… or learn how to become a leader. There is a list of learning opportunities, and that list goes on and on. Coding can take you far, but you must also possess the complementary skills to make your creations thrive.
One of the most amazing things you’ll ever hear is that Steve Jobs didn’t code for Apple. Ever.
Can you believe that? If I asked you whether or not Steve Jobs was successful, you’d turn around and ask me if the sky was blue or if grass was green.
Jobs was one of the most successful people to roam the earth… not because he was a supreme coder, but because he knew enough to communicate a vision, and was wildly skilled elsewhere.
In the end, kids and teens who want to capitalize on the abundance of computer science jobs in tomorrow’s landscape should be taking coding courses today.
Before all of that, let's take a look at some definitions.
WHAT ARE SOME DEFINITIONS TO HELP UNDERSTANDING?
Learning a new language is difficult because without meaning, words are literally just random combinations of letters.
Thus, it’s not enough to just be able to pronounce something—you need to be able to understand what each and every word means in order to form a logical statement.
So, let’s dive into a few of the major terms your kids and teens are likely to encounter as they first embark upon their coding journey.
Does your son or daughter have a dog? Has your family tried to train that dog?
The goal being, of course, is that you reach a point where you give a command and the dog responds appropriately based on your instruction. “Sit.” “Stay.” “Roll over.”
When it comes time for your kids to write a program, or program, they are doing much of the same. They, as the “owner,” are communicating a set of commands to a computer, with the expectation that the computer will respond accordingly.
Of course, the difference here is that, instead of sternly vocalizing those instructions with a liver-flavored treat hidden in their hand, kids will be writing instructions in a programming language that kind of resembles familiar English, but has a few additional parameters and rules.
Yes, training a dog is difficult, but take comfort in the fact that if your child’s programming command is given correctly, the computer will always listen. Success with a dog could hinder on the presence or absence of a nearby, pesky squirrel.
Programming is the foundation of robotics, video games, apps, computer graphics, and much more. And, every one of these programs is a set of instructions; a sequence of short commands, one after another, with programming used as the tool to write and disseminate those individual instructions.
Based on the above, the crux of programming is the associated language. In order to converse with a computer, you need to speak in terms it understands.
First, think about the English language. We have words, but we also have punctuation. There are also different rules and guidelines around when you should use a particular form of a word, and when you should opt for another.
A programming language, then is made up of its own vocabulary and set of rules—the difference is, each language is based on its own unique syntax (grammatical structure) and semantics (meaning).
And yes, “each” language—as in there are multiple programming languages; each with their own rules and use cases.
We started by defining programming, and then talking about what a programming language is.
While there are many, many other coding terms to define, it’s useful to take a look at a term like Scratch programming, that represents a big piece of what your child might encounter as they’re first getting started.
Scratch is a MIT-developed graphical programming language, based on drag-and-drop programming basics so kids can easily create interactive stories, comics, and more.
Scratch programming is popular for kids because instead of using lines of code, youth users learn though colorful command coding blocks and cartoon sprites. This means that without typing a single line of code, kids can get their feet wet with programming statements and computational ideas, and begin to test their limits of creative thinking in order to problem-solve.
WHICH CODING LANGUAGES ARE BEST?
Looking at everything that has been presented above, I hope you’re still at a point of wanting to move forward!
Either way, this is a great place to stop and evaluate, because from here on out we will be diving into the best coding language options for your kids, while also taking a look at a few inspirational stories from kid coders themselves.
Scratch and other visual programming languages
See, I told you Scratch would be coming up again!
Since we already talked about it above, I won’t go into too much additional detail, but really, visual programming is a great way to get a young, inexperienced student into coding.
Sure, such languages don’t teach the syntax necessary in most other coding languages, but that’s OK! This is all about progress; moving forward, remember? Trying to put too much on to your child’s plate typically does more harm than good.
With Scratch and other visual programming, it’s all about the simplicity that gets kids excited about coding. The immediate gratification of dragging and dropping commands and then seeing interactive stories, games, and animations unfold is insanely powerful.
While a little more involved and complex than a visual programming option, Lua is still a great programming language for kids and teens who want to pick up a language quickly.
And, I’ll pause here to state that half the battle of getting a child engaged in something new (especially when that something comes with new challenges) is connecting it to already-established interests.
So, do your kids like video games? Lua is a great for students interested in applying their newfound coding skills to game programming. In fact, the number of developers using Lua continues to rise, which translates into job availability down the road. A student equipped with such skills can jump into a variety of career options.
Just to get a taste of what kids can expect, in our Lua coding and game scripting course, students begin with Roblox's built-in editor to create 3D worlds and expand their functionality with Lua. From there, they can create scripts for their own game, or even sell scripts to other designers for use in their games!
AT WHAT AGE CAN KIDS REALLY LEARN CODING SKILLS?
Listen, if you’re feeling a little overwhelmed at this point, I don’t blame you! It’s a lot of info on top of more info, and then some.
So, now is a good time to focus less on telling, and more on showing.
It might be near impossible to think of kids or even teens finding their way…especially to a point where they’ll be equipped with coding skills to perform in a lucrative career.
But like anything, it’s a process. Here at iD Tech, we call it the iD Tech Pathway™, which by definition, is our long-term skill development system that advances campers’ “love and mastery” of technology over time.
But in practice, it’s the idea that, just like learning a foreign language or musical instrument, you’re going to have to dedicate more than one hour of practice. Instead, to achieve “master” status, it’s best to start young and continue to build passions and skills little by little.
Our STEM programs are set up to facilitate such a journey—kids can start as young as 7 or 10-years-old with iD Tech Camps or Alexa Café, respectively, and then continue their journey as teens with iD Coding & AI Academy, iD Game Dev Academy, or AcademyNEXT. At the end of it all, they’re in perfect position to continue their pathway into college and then eventually onward to an exciting career.
That said, we have seen students accomplish some incredible things. To help you visualize what jumping into coding can do for your child, here are a few of our favorite kid coder success stories.
Avi Schiffmann created a popular COVID-19 and vaccine tracking website
Avi was seventeen years old when he created a website. And not just any website, but rather one that was lauded as “one of the most vital resources for people seeking accurate and updated numbers on the pandemic.”
Hundreds of millions of visitors later, the site stood out as a key info source for those needing more info about the pandemic, including the number of cases, and importantly, the number of people who had recovered, along with an interactive map and real-time info.
While Avi’s story is amazing, we here at iD Tech have even a deeper-rooted interest—Avi is a former iD Tech camper who attended one of our coding programs, focusing on learning Python and more over three different camp sessions. (Read more here.)
Matthew has worked at some of the most prestigious companies in the world
While setting the goal to work at iconic companies like Dropbox, Facebook, and Google could be considered lofty, it’s something Matthew wanted to do for years. Once he set his mind to it, there was no stopping him!
Matthew says that his skill development started at iD Tech Camps and iD Coding & AI Academy, summer programs held at Stanford in the Silicon Valley. The experiences taught him things he hadn’t learned in school, and gave him the opportunity to work with industry-standard software.
He emphasizes the importance of working on projects outside of the classroom. “It doesn’t matter what you develop, as long as it’s technically challenging for you,” says Matthew. “This not only lets you build a strong portfolio, but also provides a solid foundation for passionately answering potential interview questions for your future career.”
And it brings up a great point, and another mark in the column of "why bother?" It's because computer science is still absent from many schools, and even when present, it's tough for students to be able to dive deep enough to make a truly impactful difference.
Rebecca’s coding achievements were recognized by the White House
This iD Tech alumna was recognized by the White House after founding nonprofit CoderDojo NYC. Now, she's a Program Manager at Microsoft and a powerful advocate for girls in STEM!
“My journey began as a 14-year-old girl at iD Tech Camps in Cambridge, giving me an early chance to explore my passions. Two weeks there changed my life; I was introduced to the idea of technology as a fun and exciting career, and not some lofty idea for engineers hiding in a lab,” Rebecca says.
A self-proclaimed “Jill of all trades,” Rebecca now works as a Program Manager for Microsoft for Tech Jobs Academy, a 16-week technical training program preparing talented New Yorkers for in-demand tech jobs in cloud and server administration.
Dive deeper: Rebecca’s story
Andrew’s apps have surpassed 50,000 downloads in the Apple App Store
This former iD Tech student found initial success selling his nine apps in the Apple App Store. He has since shifted his focus to running his own development companies and doing even more with his coding skills.
You would think that a list of accomplishments as long as Andrew’s would have required years to compile—but this young developer was only in college when he first started seeing success. With nine apps, 50,000 downloads, a class that he developed and taught himself, and many other endeavors, it’s amazing what this former student has achieved. Not to mention that he once thought of programming as “intimidating.”
“Prior to attending iD Coding & AI Academy, I was intimidated by iPhone programming. I had tried to teach myself, but gave up, thinking maybe I wasn’t smart enough to program. Well, after two weeks, I was proven wrong—I left with three completed or in-progress apps.”
HOW DO YOU START TEACHING KIDS TO CODE?
With each of the above examples, success follows a clear process. Sure, some of us are going to be more naturally gifted in certain areas than others, but either way, we all must start at step one.
So, what is that step one when teaching kids to code, or, to introduce kids to coding?
Well, to be honest, what follows isn’t for those who are sitting down at the computer ready to program. There are online coding courses and platforms for that, in person experiences, and more.
Rather, the words below are for those who are interested in learning more; who hear about the importance of coding and want to wrap their minds around what that might mean for their kids.
First, get your kids to start learning. Something. Anything! It doesn't have to be a formal coding program. No tidbit is too small, and the basics like the definitions mentioned above provide a great starting point,
Next, try and find someone for your child to talk to about what they've learned. That could be you for now, or even a friend. As you can see, this step doesn't require your child talk to someone knowledgeable about coding (but it certainly can be).
From there, get your kids to do something. Again, small is OK and actually encouraged here. It's best to keep realistic expectations. So, it might only be an intro game or animation with Scratch, and again, totally fine!
It's only after the points above should most kids set their sights on something bigger. Bigger in terms of what they're learning, who they're talking to, and of course, what they're doing.
The foundational tip through all of this is to try as much as you can to connect the dots between already-established areas of familiarity and coding, so that kids can readily see how different pieces of the world around us fit together and are brought to life through coding.
With all of this, is learning programming really as easy as “learning something,” “talking to someone,” and “doing something” as stated above?
Of course not.
But, for those who have been stymied by just getting up and moving, a set of guidelines so seemingly simple is a great place to get started.
Code is in fact the language of the future, and learning to code, while great to know in itself, also strengthens creativity, problem solving, and a host of other skills.
Thus, the value of learning to code isn't limited to the actual physical act of coding, as it opens doors to a variety of related opportunities as well.
In less words, learning to code is hugely important, and hopefully this guide helps you and your child take a step forward.
WHERE TO GO NEXT
iD Tech students arrive in the summer eager to learn—not only because of their interests in technology, but because many of them still aren’t receiving valuable instruction in subjects like coding with their everyday schooling. They leave camp with new skills, deeper knowledge, and the confidence to go out and do something impactful with what they’ve learned. We’ve seen this happen summer after summer.
Best of luck! See you next summer, online, or both!
In-Person Coding Courses & Programs
- Coding Camps
- Coding Classes for Kids
- Scratch Programming Classes
- Java Coding with Minecraft
- Roblox Coding Classes
- LEGO Robotics Visual Coding
Coding Articles & Blogs
- Java for kids guide
- Learning python for kids guide
- Minecraft coding for kids guide
- Coding programs for kids
- Coding terms
- Coding for teens
- Improving your coding skills
- How to get coding experience
- What are Minecraft mods?
- Is coding a good career?